The rankings look at Attainment 8 scores, the new measure of GCSE performance taking into account eight subjects including English and Maths.
The school in Hammersmith Road, Hammersmith managed an average score per pupil of 66.4 achieving a Progress 8 score of 1, significantly higher than the natural average, which is set at 0.
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Overall, 72% of pupils at the school passed the English Baccalaureate including strong passes, at grade 5, in English and Maths, with 82% gaining at least a grade 5 in both English and Maths.
This was the first year pupils sat reformed GCSEs in English language, English literature and mathematics for the first time, graded on a 9-1 scale.
New GCSEs in other subjects are being phased in for first teaching over 3 years: from September 2016, 2017 and the remaining few from 2018.
The Henrietta Barnett School in Barnet was the best performing school in England in 2016, with an average Attainment 8 score per pupil of 83.9.
The school also had a positive Progress 8 measure, of 1.09, meaning pupils did even better than expected in the subjects that were counted towards their Attainment 8 scores.
The Tiffin Girls' School in Kingston upon Thames came second in the country, with an Attainment 8 score of 82.9.
Queen Elizabeth's School, also in Barnet, came third in the rankings with a score of 82.2.
In comparison to 2016, the average Attainment 8 score per pupil has decreased by 4 points for all schools to 44.2, from an average of 48.2 in 2016.
The Department of Education, which publishes the provisional data, said these decreases are as expected following changes to the 2017 point scores assigned to grades because of the introduction of 9-1 GCSEs in performance tables.
Comparison of the grade 4 or above figure to the 2016 provisional data shows a decrease in EBacc achievement of 1 percentage point.
The proportion of pupils achieving the headline measure of grades 5 or above in English and maths is 39.1% for all schools and 42.2% for state-funded schools.
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