The days are getting shorter and the nights are drawing in. Autumn is well and truly here and that means it's nearly Bonfire Night!

What day is Bonfire Night on?

Bonfire Night is annually celebrated on November 5, and this year it falls on a Thursday.

Bonfire Night

Is coming in

loading...

When did Bonfire Night originate?

Bonfire Night began in 1605, when Guy Fawkes’ plot to overthrow King James I failed.

Have you ever heard the poem: “Remember, remember the fifth of November, gunpowder, treason and plot. We see no reason why gunpowder treason should ever be forgot”? This refers to Bonfire Night and Guy Fawkes’ plot.

English Catholic Guy Fawkes and 12 conspirators wanted King James to be more tolerant of their religion, and when he wasn't, they decided to overthrow him and spent months plotting to blow him up during the opening of Parliament on November 5, 1605.

Prior to King James’ reign, Queen Elizabeth I had heavily repressed Catholicism, and when James came took to the throne, Catholics had high hopes that he would be much more tolerant.

However, when it became clear that he wasn't, a small group who were lead by Robert Catesby, decided to take action and blow up the King and the Houses of Parliament.

This plot is known as the Gunpowder Plot, and although it was lead by Robert Catesby, it is Guy Fawkes who has been the famous for the planned rebellion.

To carry out their plot, the group had collected 36 barrels of gunpowder and stored them in the cellar below the House of Lords. To do this, they used John Johnson as their ally as he worked as the caretaker of the cellar.

As the plot progressed, an anonymous letter was sent to a Catholic supporter telling them to avoid the House of Parliament on November 5. The warning letter reached the King and a search party was sent to look for the conspirators.

Guy Fawkes was found with the barrels of gunpowder in the cellar and matches in his pocket.

He was caught, tortured and executed.

After the plot was revealed, bonfires were lit to celebrate the safety of the King and that their plan had failed.

Since then November 5 has been known as Bonfire Night and is celebrated every year with fireworks, bonfires and by burning Guy Fawkes puppets.

Keep up with all the news and events surrounding Bonfire Night in west London with our dedicated page.