Alcohol deaths among women in London are at their lowest rate for more than 20 years.
In 2015, the alcohol-related death rate among women in London was 6.1 deaths per 100,000 females, the lowest rate since at least 1994.
This was down from 6.8 in 2014, and a decrease from a peak of 9.2 in 2003.
Overall, there were 212 deaths, a reduction from 225 in 2014, according to the Office for National Statistics, which published the figures.
There were 530 alcohol-related deaths of men in 2015, a rate of 16.9 per 100,000 men, up from 513 deaths and a rate of 16.6 per 100,000 in 2014.
According to the ONS, a possible explanation for regional differences in alcohol-related deaths could be that those in deprived areas are differentially affected by the alcohol they consume.
Specifically, the alcohol consumption harm paradox shows that consumption in more deprived areas can often be the same or even less than that in less deprived areas but harm is elevated in the more deprived areas.
This could be due to the existence of other health problems, differences in drinking habits and access to healthcare.
In 2015, there were 8,758 alcohol-related deaths in the UK, an age-standardised rate of 14.2 deaths per 100,000 population.
The number of deaths increased slightly from 8,697 in 2014.
For the UK as a whole, alcohol-related death rates have not changed in recent years, but the rate in 2015 is still higher than that observed in 1994, when it was 9.4 per 100,000.
The majority of alcohol-related deaths (65%) in the UK in 2015 were among males.
For males, in 2015 the alcohol-related death rate was 19.2 per 100,000 males whereas for females it was 9.7 per 100,000 females.
This pattern is observed consistently each year from 1994 to 2015. For both males and females, rates of alcohol-related death were highest in those aged 55 to 64 years in 2015.
A breakdown of UK alcohol-related deaths by age group shows that in 2015 the highest alcohol-related death rate was amongst those aged 60 to 64 years for males with 44.9 per 100,000 males.
Whereas for females the highest death rate was amongst those aged 55 to 59 years with a rate of 23.1 per 100,000 females.
Scotland remains the UK constituent country with the highest rate of alcohol-related deaths in 2015, yet Scotland has also seen the largest decrease in its rates since they peaked in the early 2000s.
Dr Annie Campbell, health analysis and life events at the Office for National Statistics, said: “The statistics suggest that the prevalence of alcohol-related deaths has remained relatively stable over recent years.
“However, on a sub-UK level, it is notable that Scotland, the area with the highest numbers of alcohol-related deaths, has also seen the fastest reductions in mortality in recent years.”
The National Statistics definition of alcohol-related deaths includes underlying causes of death regarded as those being most directly due to alcohol consumption, such as cirrhosis and alcohol poisoning.
The definition is primarily based on chronic conditions associated with long-term abuse of alcohol and, to a lesser extent, acute conditions.
Apart from poisoning with alcohol (accidental, intentional or undetermined), the definition excludes other external causes of death, such as road traffic and other accidents.
The definition does not include diseases that are partially attributable to alcohol, such as cancers of the mouth, oesophagus and liver.
However, all deaths from chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, excluding biliary cirrhosis, are included, even when alcohol is not specifically mentioned on the death certificate.
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