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When Mahatma Gandhi was a Baron's Court resident - and other famous plaques

THERE are just over 40 plaques darted across Hammersmith and Fulham celebrating the locations where important historical figures have either lived or worked.
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BEFORE he became the internationally renowned leader of the Indian independence movement, Mahatma Gandhi was a Barons Court resident.

During the 1890s, whilst studying law at University College London, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi - as he was known then - lived at number 20 Barons Court Road.

Years later he would of course become known for advocating non-violence in his struggle against British colonialism, but his brief time in W14 is remembered with a blue English Heritage plaque, informing passers by that this iconic figure used to frequent these streets.

Just a stones throw away in Talgarth Road, lived a similarly important civil rights activist, Jamaican born Marcus Garvey.

In the first half of the 20th century, Garvey fought passionately for the promotion of African people across the world and formed the Black Cross Navigation and Trading Company to take African-Americans to Africa.

In his later years, he moved to West London, residing at number 53 Talgarth Road, until his death in 1940.

These are just two of 21 historical figures to be recognised with official English Heritage plaques in Hammersmith and Fulham.

For someone to be acknowledged by the government funded organisation, they must adhere to a number of criteria - they must be considered to have had a positive contribution to human welfare, they must have lived in London for a significant period of time and they must have been dead for at least 20 years.

About 100 suggestions are made across the capital each year and only a third of those make the shortlist.

Other key figures recognised with plaques include poet and philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who lived at 7 Addison Bridge Place, West Kensington and composers Sir Edward Elgar, who lived closeby at 51 Avonmore Road and Gustav Holst who taught at St Paul's Girls School, in Brook Green.

However, if a suggestion is rejected by English Heritage, members of the public can contact the Hammersmith and Fulham Historic Buildings Group.

Chairman of the group, Angela Dixon, said: "If English Heritage feel that someone is not of national interest they recommend people to us as we have our own plaques.

"We discuss it with them and if they were an important figure locally we allow our design to be used. They pay for the plaque and we edit the text.

"We had a plaque erected for the sculptor Henry Moore who worked in Grove Studios, the chap who lives there really wanted one and was thrilled when it went up.

"Being on the Thames, Hammersmith was a very prominent place and over the years has had quite a few illustrious characters reside and work here."

In 2009 to mark the 65th anniversary of the D-Day landings, the group unveiled a plaque on a gate pillar at the entrance to St Paul's Open Space in Hammersmith Road.

When the school was located there during the war, the high master's room was the headquarters for the careful planning of the Normandy landings.

Mrs Dixon revealed that there are currently four plaque proposals in the pipeline, but highlighted that there was a real shortage in Fulham.

She said: "Combining the plaques that English Heritage has put up, along with ours and others that residents have put on things like trees, there are just over 40 in the borough, but there aren't many in Fulham."

Do you have any suggestions for new blue plaques in the borough? Email rupertbasham@trinitysouth.co.uk  

A list of all the blue English Heritage plaques in the borough - see page 2

  

BARONS COURT:

Sir Geoffrey De Havilland (1882-1965)

Aircraft designer lived here 1909-1910 - 32 Baron's Court Road, Barons Court, W14 9DT

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Lived here as a law student - 20 Baron's Court Road, Barons Court, W14 9DT

Marcus Garvey (1887-1940)

Pan-Africanist Leader lived and died here - 53 Talgarth Road, Barons Court, W14 9DD

BROOK GREEN:

Gustav Holst (1874-1934)

Composer wrote The Planets and taught here - St Paul's Girls' School, Brook Green, W6 7BS

Sir Frank Short (1857-1945)

Engraver and painter lived here - 56 Brook Green, Brook Green, W6 7BJ

Arthur Silver (1853-1896) Rex Silver (1879-1965), Harry Silver (1881-1971)

The Silver Studio Established here in 1880 by Arthur Silver. Designers Rex Silver & Harry Silver lived here

84 Brook Green Road, Brook Green, W6 7BS

CHISWICK:

Thomas James Cobden-Sanderson (1840-1922)

Founded the Doves Bindery and Doves Press in this house and later lived and died here - 15 Upper Mall, Chiswick, W6 9TA

George Devine (1910-1966)

Actor Artistic Director of the Royal Court Theatre 1956-1965 lived here - 9 Lower Mall, Chiswick, W6 9DJ

Sir Alan Herbert, A.P.H. (1890-1971)

Author, Humourist and reformist M.P. lived and died here - 12 Hammersmith Terrace, Chiswick, W6 9TS

Edward Johnston (1872-1944)

Master Calligrapher lived here 1905-1912 - 3 Hammersmith Terrace, Chiswick, W6 9TS

Eric Ravilious (1903-1942)

Artist lived here 1931-1935 - 48 Upper Mall, Chiswick, W6 9TA

Sir Emery Walker (1851-1933)

Typographer and antiquary lived here 1903-1933 - 7 Hammersmith Terrace, Chiswick, W6 9TS

HAMMERSMITH:

Sir Frank Brangwyn (1867-1956)

Artist lived here - Temple Lodge, 51 Queen Caroline Street, Hammersmith, W6 9QL

Marie Louise De La Ramee (1839-1908)

"OUIDA" 1839-1908 Novelist lived here - 11 Ravenscourt Square, Hammersmith, W6 0TW

Christopher Whitworth Whall (1849-1924)

Stained Glass Artist lived here - 19 Ravenscourt Road, Hammersmith, W6 0UH

SHEPHERD'S BUSH:

Sri Aurobindo (1872-1950)

Indian Spiritual Leader lived here 1884-1887 - 49 St Stephen’s Avenue, Shepherd's Bush, W12 8JB

WEST KENSINGTON:

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

Poet and philosopher lived here - 7 Addison Bridge Place, West Kensington, W14 8XP

Sir Edward Elgar (1857-1934)

Composer lived here 1890-1891 - 51 Avonmore Road, West Kensington, W14 8RT

Sir Eugene Goossens (1893-1962)

This was the home of the GOOSSENS family of musicians 1912-1927 - 70 Edith Road, West Kensington, W14 9AR

Sir Henry Rider Haggard (1856-1925)

Novelist lived here 1885-1888 - 69 Gunterstone Road, West Kensington, W14 9BS

Harold Laski (1893-1950)

Teacher and political philosopher lived here 1926-1950 - 5 Addison Bridge Place, West Kensington, W14 8XP

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