A general strike was called by the Trades Union Congress in May 1926 to support the miners in their dispute with the mine owners, who wanted to cut their wages by 13 per cent and increase their shifts from seven to eight hours.

Road transport, bus, rail, docks, printing, gas and electricity, building, iron, steel, chemicals and coal workers stayed off work for the nine days the strike lasted.

Some 1.7 million workers struck, hitting transport and heavy industry particularly badly, so the government enlisted volunteers to maintain essential services.

Fights broke out between police and strikers in London, Glasgow and Edinburgh while police and strikers clash in Liverpool, Hull and London.

In Kensington, commuters crowded onto buses driven by volunteers, while others made their way home from work on foot.

The strike – Britain’s first general strike – collapsed on May 12 and while the miners struggled on for a few months they were eventually forced back to work, having gained no concessions from mine owners.